Tudor Penny Post
From: TBD (Year)
The Tudor dynasty or House of Tudor was a European royal house of Welsh and English origin, descended in the male line from the Tudors of Penmynydd. Tudor monarchs ruled the Kingdom of England and its realms, including their ancestral Wales and the Lordship of Ireland (later the Kingdom of Ireland) from 1485 until 1603.
The first monarch, Henry VII, descended through his mother from a legitimized branch of the English royal House of Lancaster. The Tudor family rose to power in the wake of the “Wars of the Roses”, which left the House of Lancaster, to which the Tudors were aligned, extinct.
In total, five Tudor monarchs ruled their domains for just over a Century:
- Henry VII (before accession known as Henry Tudor, 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509), the first monarch of the House of Tudor, was King of England from his seizing the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death on 21 April 1509. After a reign of nearly 24 years he was peacefully succeeded by his son, Henry VIII.
- Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. Henry VIII of England was the only male-line male heir of Henry VII to live to the age of maturity. Henry VIII was succeeded by his son Edward VI.
- Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) was King of England and Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death. Edward was the third monarch of the Tudor dynasty and England’s first monarch raised as a Protestant. Edward VI was followed by his half-sister, Mary I
- Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants led to the posthumous sobriquet “Bloody Mary”. As the fourth crowned monarch of the Tudor dynasty, Mary is remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism after the short-lived Protestant reign of her half-brother. Her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism was reversed after her death in 1558 by her younger half-sister and successor Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.
- Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, the childless Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. The House of Stuart came to power in 1603 when the Tudor line failed, as Elizabeth I died without a legitimate heir.
Tudor Penny Post – 5 Sheets of 24 stamps each
5 different sheets of 24 stamps each showing the five Tudor monarchs (Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I & Elizabeth I).
The sheets are known both perforate and imperforate. Below are the perforated sheets shown. All 5 sheets are signed.
The Henry VII sheet was printed by William Caxton at Westminster, London, and the 4 subsequent sheets were printed by Messrs Wynkyn de Worde at St Bride’s, Fleet Street, London.
Each stamp was priced One penny or A groat for a row or A Florin for the sheet. A legend at each side of the sheets gives the instruction “Place ye label above ye addresse & towards ye ryghte of ye lettrre. Applye ye small mixture of cowe dunge & syrruppe to back of ye label and affyxe”
From: TBD (Year)
A sheet of 8 stamps showing King Henry VIII (Reign from 21 April 1509 to 28 January 1547, Coronation on 24 June 1509) and his 6 wives.
The values (One shilling to six shillings) for the wives reflect the order of marriage (1 to 6) while the two Henry VIII stamps are valued at one sovereign each.
The six wives
- 1 Shilling stamp: Catherine of Aragon (married in 1509, marriage annulled in 1533)
- 2 Shillings stamp:Anne Boleyn (married in 1533, until she was executed in 1536)
- 3 Shillings stamp:Jane Seymour (married in 1536, until her death 1537)
- 4 Shillings stamp:Anne of Cleves (married in 1540, marriage annulled in 1540)
- 5 Shillings stamp:Catherine Howard (married in 1540, until she was executed in 1542)
- 6 Shillings stamp:Catherine Parr (married in 1543, until his death in 1547)
The sheet is gummed with gum Arabic and under-printed with “H VIII R” and the “Tudor rose”.
In Victorian times the design was reused for revenue stamps used in divorce cases. The wording was unchanged but the busts of Henry VIII and his wives was replaced by Victoria’s head.
Matrimonial Cause – Sheet of 8 stamps (Front & Back)
Sheet of 8 perforated stamps. Values from “One Shilling” to “One Sovereign”.
Matrimonial Cause – Stamp sheet Proof
Matrimonial Cause – Sheetlet of 4 stamps (Front & Back)
Sheetlet of 4 stamps showing the beheaded necks of Anne Boleyn (King Henry VIII´s third wife) and Catherine Howard (King Henry VIII´s fifth wife). The sheetlet is underprinted with the executioner from Wonderland.